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Cryodestruction

The use of low-temperature liquid nitrogen allows to remove benign skin growths, such as warts and papillomas.

 Warts are benign skin growths caused by a virus. There are several types of warts depending on their appearance and histological changes: 1) common warts, 2) flat warts in children and adolescents, 3) anogenital warts when the virus penetrates mucosa.

   Warts spread in case of weakened defence system of the body, damages of the upper layer of the skin or mucosa, circulatory disorders, impaired thyroid function. People mostly become infected through direct contact.

   Common warts are the most frequently found in teenagers and children They can manifest 3-12 months after contamination. They are 2-3 mm to 5-6 mm of skin-coloured or grey growths with a wide base from which thread-like structures grow. They sometimes can be located in several small groups. These growths are most commonly found on the skin of fingers, feet, near the nails. Wart traumatisation cause bleeding.

   Flat warts are most commonly found in children, more rarely in teenagers. Growths are 1-2-3 mm flat, skin-coloured or pinkish, with a smooth surface, and are located closely next to each other, thus creating various shapes. They are most often found on the palms or the face.

Anogenital warts – appears within 1-3 months after contamination during sex life.

   Pink, soft 1-2 mm large threadlike masses are manifested at first; they tend to grow quickly and form a cauliflower-like structure. If they are left untreated, they can completely cover the genitals, anus, humidify and cause an unpleasant smell and inflammation.

   Treatment – the structure of warts is destroyed using liquid nitrogen, acids, they can be removed using a sharp spoon, less commonly using lasers. Treatment can last several months. Anogenital warts are sometimes treated surgically. Drugs that improve and strengthen the defence system of the body. Warts can sometimes disappear without treatment.

The information was prepared by

Dr. Sandra Zemvalde